The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2010 is the largest systematic effort to depict the global distribution and causes of a wide area of major diseases, injuries, and health risk factors. Initiated in 1992 this GBD is a collaborative effort between hundreds of experts worldwide, including researchers at the World Health Organization (WHO), Harvard School of Public Health, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), Johns Hopkins University and the World Bank and so on. In the later part of 2012 the results of GBD reveals that now the life expectancy is higher than 1970. People all over the world are living 10 more years in their life and this change in life expectancy affects economic growth dramatically. The GBD 2010 estimated that each additional year of life expectancy per person raised the gross domestic product per capita by 4 percent in the long run. With this good news, the increasing longevity has resulted in an explosion of diseases associated with longer lives and it is estimated that by 2030, two third of the global burden will be due to chronic diseases. Due to advancement of public health issues and medical science deaths due to infectious diseases, maternal and child illness and malnutrition are coming down. As a result, fewer children are dying every year but more young and middle-aged adults are dying and suffering from NCDs and injury, which is causing disability as well.
Historically mortality has been used to estimate the GBD, with reporting on the patterns of global deaths in adults and children and by geographic region. Globally, overall of every 10 deaths, six are due to non communicable diseases, three to communicable diseases and one to injuries. HIV/AIDS is one of the leading causes of mortality all over the world. The study shows that rapidly industrialized countries are suffering a dual burden of disease with high DALYs lost from both communicable and non communicable diseases. 40 per cent of deaths in lower income countries are caused by infection, under nutrition, maternal complications, while non communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, stroke and cancers account more than 50 per cent other deaths.
The main methods and findings from the study are published in The Lancet in a series of 7 papers, commentaries, and accompanying comprehensive web appendices totaling over 2,300 pages in length. Improving the health and well-being of the world's population is a moral imperative and essential for global stability and progress. The vast energies, technologies, and resources pouring into global health have given us the capacity to fight disease, remedy disability, and address deep inequalities in health between populations. The new round of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study will provide the tools and knowledge to inform efforts for making truly effective interventions possible. The GBD 2010's consistent and comprehensive regional estimates will help policymakers and non research audiences interpret GBD concepts and utilize study results.
Dr. Md. Shamim Hayder Talukder, Member Secretary, NCD-F